Since joining the Dublin Association Agreement, Switzerland has transferred many more people to other Member States than it itself admitted, in a ratio of around 4.5 to 1. The Dublin procedure applies only to third-country nationals, i.e. persons who are not nationals of the Dublin Member States. If a person from a Dublin Member State applies for asylum in Switzerland, the Dublin procedure does not apply; Instead, bilateral readmission agreements generally apply. For more information here: www.proasyl.de/hintergrund/praxishinweise-zur-aktuellen-aussetzung-von-dublin-ueberstellungen-und-ueberstellungsfristen/ The Dublin II Regulation was adopted in 2003 and replaces the Dublin Convention in all EU Member States except Denmark, which has adopted an implementing regulation in the area of freedom, security and justice.  An agreement entered into force in 2006 with Denmark on the extension of the application of the Regulation to Denmark.  In a separate protocol, the agreement between Iceland and Norway was extended to Denmark in 2006.  The provisions of the Regulation were also extended by a treaty to third countries, Switzerland on 1 March 2008, which voted 54.6% in favour of ratification on 5 June 2005, and Liechtenstein on 1 April 2011 . Subsequently, this agreement became applicable to Denmark.  The Dublin Association Agreement adopted by Switzerland on 12 December 2008. The Dublin region now has 32 Member States: the 28 States of the European Union and the four associated States of Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Switzerland.
On the other hand, if the person already has a protection status in Greece (and therefore does not fall under the Dublin Regulation, but under the safe-third country clause), the Swiss authorities generally consider that the person can be transferred there. This has also been the case for vulnerable people.  For instance, the Federal Administrative Court upheld the transfer of a psychologically fragile mother with four daughters (one of whom was suicidal) who had fled Greece because of the abusive husband/father.  In only a small number of cases, the Tribunal asked SEM to continue to clarify the situation of each applicant upon his or her return to Greece in order to consider whether or not the transfer decision should be upheld.  According to sem statistics, 3 people were transferred to Greece in 2019 under Dublin and 21 people under the readmission agreement. . . .